(a) On the outline map of India provided to you, mark the location of all

the following. Write in your QCA Booklet the significance of these

locations whether

physical/commercial/economic/ecological/environmental/cultural, in

not more than 30 words for each entry.

(a) Ziro valley

(b) Kheceopalri lake

(c) Toranmal

(d) Subernarekha river

(e) Koderma

(f) Sir Creek

(g) Periyar Wildlife Sanctury

(h) Peechi Dam

(i) Digha Beach

(j) Pamban Island

(b) Discuss the geo-political impact of bilateral relationship between

India and Bhutan.

(c) Discuss the economic significance of volcanic soils of India.

(d) Give a reasoned account of difference between sugar industry of

North and Peninsular India.

2. (a) Landslide is a major problem in Himalayan region. Discuss its causes

and mitigation measures.

(b) Appraise why drought is one of the most common climatic extremes

in India.

(c) Discuss the ecological and economic challenges of river linking in


3. (a) Discuss the importance of solar energy in future economic

development of India.

(b) Critically examine the importance of Smart Cities Programme for

Solving Urban Problem in India.

(c) Examine the significance of ecotourism in relation to socio-economic

development and biodiversity conservation in India.

4. (a) Discuss the reserves, distribution and production of all varieties of

coal in India.

(b) Describe the salient features of east-flowing rivers of India.

(c) Critically examine the problems of inter-State border disputes in



5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:

(a)Discuss the salient features of Project Tiger in India.

(b)Describe the problems of cloud burst in India giving suitable


(c)Discuss the role of watershed management for soil and water

conservation in hilly regions of India.

(d)Critically examine the relevance of Ravenstein‘s law of population

migration with reference to India.

(e)Discuss Ashok Mitra‘s classification method of Indian cities.


(a) Explain the impact of tropical cyclones and western disturbances on

the climate of India.

(b) Examine the critical issues of groundwater resources in India.

(c)Describe the structure and relief features of Deccan Plateau.


(a) Critically examine how Panchayati Raj system is catalyst in

decentralized planning in India.

(b) Identify the major industrial corridors of India and discuss the

characteristics of Bengaluru Mumbai Corridor.

(c) Assess the growth of multinational corporations in liberalized

economic environment of India.


(a) Examine how information and communication tech has boosted the

development of certain regions of India.

(b) Discuss the Command Area Development Programme and its impact

on eliminating regional inequalities in India.

(c) Critically assess the status of balance of trade in India and suggest

some measures to combat the issues.