General studies (Paper 1)



(Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions) There are TWENTY questions printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
ALL questions are compulsory.
The number of marks carried by a question/ part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
Answers to Question Nos. 1 to 10 should be in 150 words, whereas answers to Question Nos. 11 to 20 should be in 250 words.
Word limit in questions should be adhered to.
Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.

1.'Constitutional Morality' is rooted in the Constitution itself and is founded on its essential facets. Explain the doctrine of 'Constitutional Morality' with the help of relevant judicial decisions.

2. Discuss the desirability of greater representation to women in the higher judiciary to ensure diversity, equity and inclusiveness.

3. How have the recommendations of the 14 th Finance Commission of India enables the states to improve their fiscal position?

4. to what extent, in your view, the Parliament is able to ensure accountability of the executive in India?

5. “Pressure groups play a vital role I influencing the public policy making in India.” Explain how the business associations contribute to public policies.

6. “Besides being a moral imperative of a Welfare State, primary health structure is a necessary precondition for sustainable development.” Analyze.

7.” ‘Earn while you learn’ scheme needs to be strengthened to make vocational education and skill training meaningful.” Comment.

8.can the vicious cycle of gender inequality, poverty and malnutrition be broken through microfinancing of women SHGs? Explain with examples.

9."If the last few decades were of Asia's growth story, the next few are expected to be of Africa's." In the light of this statement, examine India's influence in Africa in recent years.

10. ‘The US is facing an existential threat in the form of a China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain.

11. The jurisdiction of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) regarding lodging an FIR and conducting probe within a particular State is being questioned by various States. However, the power of the States to withhold consent to the CBI is not absolute. Explain with special reference to the federal character of India.

12. Though the Human Rights Commissions have contributed immensely to the protection of human rights in India, yet they have failed to assert themselves against the mighty and powerful. Analyzing their structural and practical limitations, suggest remedial measures.

13. Analyze the distinguishing features of the notion of Right to Equality in the Constitutions of the USA and India.

14. Explain the constitutional provisions under which Legislative Councils are established. Revies the working and Current status of Legislative Councils with suitable illustration.

15.Do Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committees keep the administration on its toes and inspire reverence for parliamentary control? Evaluate the working of such committees with suitable examples.

16. Has digital illiteracy, particularly in rural areas, couples with lack of Information and communication Technology (ICT) accessibility hindered socio-economic development? Examine with justification.

17.’Though women in post-independent India have excelled in various fields, the social attitude towards women and feminist movement has been patriarchal." Apart from women education and women empowerment schemes, what interventions can help change this milieu?

18. Can Civil Society and Non-Governmental Organizations present an alternative model of public service delivery to benefit the common citizen? Discuss the challenges of this alternative model.

19. Critically examine the aims and objectives of SCO. What importance does it hold for India?

20. The newly tri-nation partnership AUKUS is aimed at countering China's ambitions in the Indo-Pacific region. Is it going to supersede the existing partnership in the region? Discuss the strength and impact of AUKUS in the present scenario.